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Geographical Information Systems (GIS)
Introduction of GIS:
"Visual literacy is a set of abilities that enables an individual to effectively find, interpret, evaluate, use, and create images and visual media. Images and visual media may include photographs, illustrations, drawings, maps, diagrams, advertisements, and other visual messages and representations, both still and moving." (Source: The Association of College and Research Libraries Image Resources Interest Group)
Utilities are faced with enormous challenges in deciding where to allocate scarce resources in the operation and maintenance of their infrastructure. Often when conditional data are presented, significant trends and/or potential maladies are hidden in endless tables and spreadsheets. GIS applications enable decision makers to visually assess the state of the infrastructure in an agreeable, useful map format. Many different facets can be shown and manipulated, offering a powerful, data-rich platform for assessments from customer service to environmentally sensitive areas, risk planning, and many, many more.
Application of GIS in Pipeline Asset Management